hindu devotees in street demonstration against dams and hydro projects on ganges river (india)

Street demonstration against the Hydro projects on the Ganges river, at the Kumbh Mela 2013 festival near Allahabad (India).­

Several Hydro-electric projects exist on the Ganges river, involving dams and tunnels.­ The largest of those is the Tehri Dam, one of the largest Hydro developments in the world, upstream from Rishikesh.­ Some Hindu devotees are against those projects, as the Ganges is a Holy river.­

Kumbh Mela is the largest festival on Earth, taking place once every 12 years, with more than 50 million Hindu pilgrims gathering to pray and bathe in the holy Ganges river.­

crowd demonstration hindu kumbha mela maha kumbh mela protest signs street
Shastri Bridge, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211019, India

Photos taken in India in 2013

The highlight if this trip was the Maha Kumba Mela Hindu Festival, the largest human gathering on earth, which happens once every 12 years.­

Other regions visited include the springs of the Ganges river, Varanasi, the Konark sun temple.­

See also my photos of Nepal that I took the same year.­

Photos taken at the Maha Kumbh Mela 2013 festival near Allahabad (India).­

Kumbh Mela is the largest human gathering on Earth, taking place during 3 months once every 12 years, with more than 50 million Hindu pilgrims coming to pray and bath in the Ganges river at the Sangam, confluence of the Holy Ganga (Ganges) and the Holy Yamuna rivers.­

Maha Kumbh Mela is a larger Kumbh Mela that happens only once every 144 years.­ 2013 was the year of the Maha Kumbh Mela, a once in a lifetime event.­

Kumbh Mela occupies about 56 Square Kilometers (22 Square Miles) of sandy ground in the Ganges floodplain.­ The "permanent" population is 5 to 10 Million Hindu devotees housed in thousands of temporary Ashrams and tent camps, with an estimated at least 50 Million more pilgrims coming for the ritual baths during the 3 months period of the event.­ By some estimate, more than 100 Million pilgrims attended the 2013 Maha Kumbh Mela.­

The Kumbh Mela infrastructure is provided by the Indian government, and includes taps of drinking water, pit toilets, street lighting, streets paved with metal plates, and very helpful Police and emergency services.­

For more info about Kumbh Mela, read en.­wikipedia.­org/­wiki/­Kumbh_­Mela.

Photos of the Tehri Dam and Reservoir (India)

The Tehri Dam created a huge artificial lake in the Bhilangna valley and Bhagirathi valley, two headstreams of the Ganges.­

The Tehri Dam was (and still is) a very controversial project, as the flooding of the upstream valleys resulted in the destruction of numerous villages and a town (Tehri) that are now submerged, and forced the relocation of about 100,000 people.­

The Tehri Dam is the tallest dam in India and one of the tallest in the world.­ The dam is a 260.­5 metres (855 ft) high rock and earth-fill embankment dam.­ Its length is 575 metres (1,886 ft), crest width 20 metres (66 ft), and base width 1,128 metres (3,701 ft).­ The dam creates a reservoir of 4.­0 cubic kilometres (3,200,000 acre¬∑ft) with a surface area of 52 square kilometres (20 sq mi).­

It generates 1,000 megawatts of hydroelectricity.­

Since 2005, filling of the reservoir has led to the reduced flow of Bhagirathi water from the normal 1,000 cubic feet per second (28 m3/­s) to a mere 200 cubic feet per second (5.­7 m3/­s).­ This reduction has been central to local protest against the dam, since the Bhagirathi is considered part of the sacred Ganges whose waters are crucial to Hindu beliefs.­

For more info about the Tehri Dam, read en.­wikipedia.­org/­wiki/­Tehri_­Dam