The problem is that "industrial development" brings plastic bottles and plastic containers in country that do not have any trash collection system, let along recycling.
Most people in developing countries are used to throwing garbage anywhere because in the past, most garbage was compostable, so it was ok. But now garbage is mostly made of plastic, and people still do the same, the throw it away anywhere. there are no trash bins in cities, and very few cities have trash collection. Sometimes people pile-up trash and burn it, which is not good either when the trash contains lots of plastic.
My feeling is that corporations should be banned from selling plastic containers and plastic bags in countries that do not have trash collection and plastic recycling. In those countries, those corporations should subsidize plastic recycling and fund education programs if they want to sell their plastic junk.
But that requires political will and most local people are quite poor and they would not want to pay more for plastic stuff in order to fund its recycling.
Photos of the villages of Iruya and San Isidro (Argentina)
Iruya is a beautiful but very remove village in Northern Argentina. The dirt road that reaches the village is about 50Km long. It fords several rivers and goes over a 4,000 meter pass. Iruya is reachable daily by local bus from Humahuaca (unless rain makes the road impassable).
It can also be reached with a regular car at the dry season only, since there is several rivers to ford. As soon as it rains in the region, the rivers will become impassable unless you have 4x4 (4WD).
The village of San Isidro can only be reached by foot or by horse (about 8Km from Iruya). When the river is low and the weather is good, it is a very nice and easy day hike with beautiful landscapes.
Photos taken in Argentina in Februaty and March 2010.