column reinforced with steel straps


Ancient Stone Column (probably granite) consolidated with metal strapping - Aya Sofya (Istanbul)

The metal clasps (straps) have been installed several centuries ago after some cracks were found in the massive column.­

For more information about Aya Sofya, read en.­wikipedia.­org/­wiki/­Hagia_­Sophia.

architecture aya sofya byzantine church clasps column consolidated consolidation hagia sophia inside interior islam metal mosque orthodox christian reinforcement religion retrofit steel strapping straps
Cankurtaran Mh., Soğuk Çeşme Sk 14-36, 34122 Istanbul/Istanbul Province, Turkey

Photos of Turkey (the country).­