turkish tughra - arabic calligraphy - shumen mosque (bulgaria)

turkish tughra - arabic calligraphy - shumen mosque (bulgaria), arabic, islam, mosque, osmanlica, religion, selim 3, selim iii, shumen, tughra, turkish, българия turkish tughra - arabic calligraphy - shumen mosque (bulgaria), arabic, islam, mosque, osmanlica, religion, selim 3, selim iii, shumen, tughra, turkish, българия

turkish tughra - arabic calligraphy - shumen mosque (bulgaria)

Inscription - Shumen historical mosque (Bulgaria)

That is the seal of Ottoman Empires.­ It is neither completely Arabic, nor Persian, It is a combined language called "Osmanlica" in Turkiye, meaning something like Ottomanic.­

This tughra must be Selim III's.­ The mosque in Shumen it is on was built in 1740-1744, and the only Ottoman sultan called Selim after that date was Selim III, who ruled from 1789-1807.­ The tughra's got more complicated as the years went on, the first, from the 14th century, were relatively simple.­ Apart from the sultan's name much of the calligraphy is symbolic and not words as such.­ For example, the two lines reaching out to the right are symbols for swords, and thus the military power of the sultan.­

(I must give credit to Renal and Graham Spicer for the information about the tughra)

arabic
islam
mosque
osmanlica
religion
selim 3
selim III
shumen
tughra
turkish
България
May 26, 2004
ul. Doyran 6-12, Shumen, Bulgaria

Those are the best of the 1200 photos I took during an unforgettable 3-week trip in Bulgaria in May 2004, with my friend Susie.­ Some photos have been digitally converted to black-and-white.­

Links to some other sites with interesting photos of Bulgaria:

* Georgy Velichkov - pictures from Bulgaria

* TrekEarth Gallery